HANUMAN CHALISA


Hanuman Chalisa 

Lyrics of Hanuman Chalisa 

श्री हनुमान चालीसा

|| दोहा ||

 

श्रीगुरु चरन सरोज रज, निज मनु मुकुरु सुधारि।

बरनऊं रघुबर बिमल जसु, जो दायकु फल चारि।। 

बुद्धिहीन तनु जानिके, सुमिरौं पवन-कुमार।

बल बुद्धि बिद्या देहु मोहिं, हरहु कलेस बिकार।। 

 

चौपाई : 

जय हनुमान ज्ञान गुन सागर।

जय कपीस तिहुं लोक उजागर।।

रामदूत अतुलित बल धामा।

अंजनि-पुत्र पवनसुत नामा।। 

महाबीर बिक्रम बजरंगी।

कुमति निवार सुमति के संगी।। 

कंचन बरन बिराज सुबेसा।

कानन कुंडल कुंचित केसा।।

हाथ बज्र औ ध्वजा बिराजै।

कांधे मूंज जनेऊ साजै।

 संकर सुवन केसरीनंदन।

तेज प्रताप महा जग बन्दन।। 

विद्यावान गुनी अति चातुर।

राम काज करिबे को आतुर।।

प्रभु चरित्र सुनिबे को रसिया।

राम लखन सीता मन बसिया।। 

सूक्ष्म रूप धरि सियहिं दिखावा।

बिकट रूप धरि लंक जरावा।। 

भीम रूप धरि असुर संहारे।

रामचंद्र के काज संवारे।।

लाय सजीवन लखन जियाये।

श्रीरघुबीर हरषि उर लाये।। 

रघुपति कीन्ही बहुत बड़ाई।

तुम मम प्रिय भरतहि सम भाई।। 

सहस बदन तुम्हरो जस गावैं।

अस कहि श्रीपति कंठ लगावैं।। 

सनकादिक ब्रह्मादि मुनीसा।

नारद सारद सहित अहीसा।। 

जम कुबेर दिगपाल जहां ते।

कबि कोबिद कहि सके कहां ते।। 

तुम उपकार सुग्रीवहिं कीन्हा।

राम मिलाय राज पद दीन्हा।। 

तुम्हरो मंत्र बिभीषन माना।

लंकेस्वर भए सब जग जाना।।

जुग सहस्र जोजन पर भानू।

लील्यो ताहि मधुर फल जानू।। 

प्रभु मुद्रिका मेलि मुख माहीं।

जलधि लांघि गये अचरज नाहीं।। 

दुर्गम काज जगत के जेते।

सुगम अनुग्रह तुम्हरे तेते।। 

राम दुआरे तुम रखवारे।

होत न आज्ञा बिनु पैसारे।।

सब सुख लहै तुम्हारी सरना।

तुम रक्षक काहू को डर ना।। 

आपन तेज सम्हारो आपै।

तीनों लोक हांक तें कांपै।। 

भूत पिसाच निकट नहिं आवै।

महाबीर जब नाम सुनावै।। 

नासै रोग हरै सब पीरा।

जपत निरंतर हनुमत बीरा।।

 संकट तें हनुमान छुड़ावै।

मन क्रम बचन ध्यान जो लावै।। 

सब पर राम तपस्वी राजा।

तिन के काज सकल तुम साजा। 

और मनोरथ जो कोई लावै।

सोइ अमित जीवन फल पावै।। 

चारों जुग परताप तुम्हारा।

है परसिद्ध जगत उजियारा।। 

साधु-संत के तुम रखवारे।

असुर निकंदन राम दुलारे।। 

अष्ट सिद्धि नौ निधि के दाता।

अस बर दीन जानकी माता।। 

राम रसायन तुम्हरे पासा।

सदा रहो रघुपति के दासा।। 

तुम्हरे भजन राम को पावै।

जनम-जनम के दुख बिसरावै।। 

अन्तकाल रघुबर पुर जाई।

जहां जन्म हरि-भक्त कहाई।। 

और देवता चित्त न धरई।

हनुमत सेइ सर्ब सुख करई।। 

संकट कटै मिटै सब पीरा।

जो सुमिरै हनुमत बलबीरा।।

जै जै जै हनुमान गोसाईं।

कृपा करहु गुरुदेव की नाईं।। 

जो सत बार पाठ कर कोई।

छूटहि बंदि महा सुख होई।। 

जो यह पढ़ै हनुमान चालीसा।

होय सिद्धि साखी गौरीसा।। 

तुलसीदास सदा हरि चेरा।

कीजै नाथ हृदय मंह डेरा।। 

 || दोहा ||

पावनतनय संकट हरन, मंगल मूरति रूप |

राम लखन सीता सहित, हृदय बसहु सुर भूप ||

 

Lyrics of Hanuman Chalisa

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Dance On HANUMAN CHALISA 

 

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LAVANI

Lavani 

Lavani – Indian folk dance 

ORIGIN : MAHARASHTRA 

COSTUMES : SAREE ( NAUVARI )

INSTRUMENT : DHOLAK 

HISTORY 

Lavani – Indian folk dance 

Lavani , folk dance of Maharashtra , India .
Lavani , folk dance of Maharashtra , India .
Made by Aneesh Kolesh

Traditionally , the folk dance , Lavani was originate from Maharashtra . This dance showed the love between man and woman in various forms . The world ‘ Lavani ‘ was derive from the world ‘ Lavanya ‘ , which means beauty . It came from Marathi tradition of Tamasha of 18th and the 19th century . Lavani dance was perform for affluent men , Kings and the Soldiers . This dance form have a rich history . It reached the peak of its popularity during the rule of Preshwari Dynasty . The origin of the folk dance can be traced in the 16th century , but got it’s prominence in the Preshwa Rule. During the Preshwa Rule , this dance went through extreme changes , women started performing for Mughal Army .  

Lavani is a graceful folk dance . It is the most energetic and entertaining dance form . This dance form is perform by the attractive women on the beats of the instrument , Dholak . It is an integral part of folk drama – style . Lavani dance is all about the nakhra , expression , adayein , beauty and the grace . 

COSTUME USED 

Women wear Kasta Saree while performing this dance form . And the saree worn by the performers is called Nauvari . It is called Nauvari because it measures 9 yards in length .

Lavani , folk dance of Maharashtra , India .
Lavani , folk dance of Maharashtra , India.
Made by Sakshi Chauhan.

ORNAMENTS 

This dance is perform by the women on the beats of the music . And the ankle bells ( The Ghungroo ) support this music . They wear Kaap ( earring ) , Kamarpatta ( Kamarband – worn around the waist ) , Necklace ( Chandrahaar , Taramani , Chinchpeti , Peet , Sari ), Paatalya ( bangles ) , Red color bindi on their forehead , Nath ( nose pin ) , Bijara ( Maang teeka ) , Bhonkar ( Gajra – flower bun or Garlands ) , and many more things . 

Ornaments used in Lavani , folk dance of Maharashtra , India .
Ornaments used in Lavani , folk dance of Maharashtra , India .
Made by Yashashvi Sharma .

INSTRUMENT 

DHOLAK

Music instrument used in Lavani .
Music instrument used in Lavani .
Image source – encoresway.com

The dholak is a two – headed hand drum . It is a folk instrument . It has cotton rope lacing , screw – turnbuckle . The pitch of the dholak depends on it’s size . The smaller surface of the Dholak is made of goat skin for high pitch and the bigger surface is made of buffalo skin for low pitch .

The instrument , Dholak is either played on player’s lap or in a standing position . Sometimes player lead the drumming for the entertainment . 

FORMS OF LAVANI

  1. SHRINGARI LAVANI : Shringari here means Love . The dancers expresses their feelings towards their lover . It is a romantic performance perform by the women for their beloved . 
  2. BAITHAKICHI LAVANI : It is perform while sitting . In this form the dance make use of her upper body . The dancer express her feelings by the expressions of her eyes and face .

Lavani – Indian folk dance 

THEMES 

Lavani is perform on many themes, like love between man and woman, devotion, poetry, sensual, sorrow, religion, heroism, drama – style, etc.

FILM

Lavani , folk dance of Maharashtra , India .
Lavani , folk dance of Maharashtra , India .
Made by Aneesh Kolesh .

In 2008 , Savitri Medhatul made a documentary film on  the  lives of Lavani  dancers . The name of the film was ” NATALE TUMCHYASATHI – BEHIND THE ADORNED VEIL ” . The rich history of Lavani dance inspired the director , Savitri and the writer Bhushan Korgaonkar  also . The making of “BEHIND THE ADORNED VEIL” marked the beginning of Savitri and Bhushan’s  collaboration with the dance form Lavani .

BOOK

Bhushan Korgaonkar, the co-producer and a writer of the film, ” NATALE TUMCHYASATHI – BEHIND THE ADORNED VEIL ” , wrote a book on the Lavani dancers or performers called ” SANGEET BARI ” . Lavani dancers were also known as Sangeet Bari dancers.

Book Sangeet Bari written on the lives of Lavani dancers by Bhushan Korgaonkar
Book Sangeet Bari written on the lives of Lavani dancers by Bhushan Korgaonkar

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NATI

  NATI

Himachal Pradesh – Nati Dance 

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 DANCE FORM : DEV NATI 

TYPE : FOLK DANCE 

ORIGIN : HIMACHAL PRADESH 

ACHIEVMENT : KULLU NATI GOT GUINNESS WORLD RECORD CERTIFICATE 

Dev Nati is a traditional folk dance, originated in the Western and Centeral Hills of the Indian subcontinent ( HIMACHAL PRADESH ) . 

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BHANGRA & GIDDHA


BHANGRA & GIDDHA

Bhangra , folk dance of Punjab , India .
Bhangra , folk dance of Punjab , India .
Image source – encoresway.com

Bhangra and Giddha are the traditional folk dances of  India . These dances are associated  with the spring harvest festival Baisakhi . Giddha and Bhangra are energetic , folk dances . Bhangra & Giddha – Indian folk dance .

ORIGIN : PUNJAB

COSTUMES : SHALWAR KAMEEZ , LUNGI , KANTHA , PHULKARI , PAG , ETC .

MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS : DHOL , CHIMTA , SHIKKE , ALGHOZEY , ETC .

NEEDS : STRENGTH , POWER , ENERGY , GRACE AND SELF – DISCIPLINE .

Giddha , folk dance of Punjab , India .
Giddha , folk dance of Punjab , India .
Image source – encoresway.com

HISTORY 

Bhangra , folk dance of Punjab , India .
Bhangra , folk dance of Punjab , India .
Image source – encoresway.com                             Bhangra and Giddha were originated from Punjab ( Northwestern India and Northeastern Pakistan ) . It was originally performed by Sikh and Muslim men in the farming districts of Punjab region of  South Asia . The word ” Bhangra ” was derived from the word Bhang ( hemp ) , which is a product of harvest . Giddha is also just as energetic as Bhangra . The dance is followed by rhythmic clapping and a typical traditional folk song ( BOLIYAN )  sung by the ladies in the background . Women show the same level of energy which the men show while performing Bhangra . It displays a traditional mode of performing Punjabi femininity , as seen through the dress , choreography and language . 

Since the Partition of India in 1947 and division of Punjab into West Punjab ( Pakistan ) and East Punjab ( India ) , Bhangra and Giddha , folk dances of Punjab on the Indian side of the border have been consolidated , staged and promoted as expression of Punjabi culture . As Punjabi dance forms became codified in the 1960s – onwards . 

Giddha , folk dance of Punjan , India.
Giddha , folk dance of Punjan , India.
Image source – encoresway.com

COSTUMES USED

Bhangra and Giddha – Indian folk dance 

Males : They attire Pag (Turban – traditional headdress to cover the head ) , Kantha , Jutti , Kurta , Jugi ( Jacket – an attractive and designer waistcoat without any buttons ) , Charda (  large piece of cloth completely draped around the waist ) .  

Costume used in Bhangra , folk dance of Punjab .
Costume used in Bhangra , folk dance of Punjab .
Image source – encoresway.com

Females : They attire Shalwar Kameez  , Phulkari Chunni ( Dupta ) , Paranda ( which is a tassel that is woven into braid ) , Jutti , Tikka , Charda ( large piece of  cloth completely draped around the waist ) , Jugi ( Jacket – an attractive and designer waistcoat without any buttons ) . 

Bhangra and Giddha , folk dances of Punjab , India .
Costume used in Giddha , folk dance of Punjab .
Image source – encoresway.com
Bhangra and Giddha , folk dances of Punjab , India .
Costume used in Bhangra and Giddha folk dance of Punjab , India. Image source – encoresway.com

 

EVOLUTION 

 

Bhangra and Giddha , folk dances of Punjab , India .
Bhangra and Giddha , folk dances of Punjab.
Image source – encoresway.com

Bhangra and Giddha were first started in 1800s . The current styles and forms of  Giddha and Bhangra formed in the 1940s . It has changed so much throughout the course of its history . These dances include Sammi , Luddi , Dhamaal , Giddha , Sialkot , etc . These dance forms need strength , energy , power , grace and self – discipline .

Today , it’s the newest dance and fitness phenomenon spreading all over the world . Bhangra has made it’s way to American’s Got Talent , India’s Got Talent , The White House  and The London Olympics . Now Bhangra and Giddha has won many competitions across the world .

Bhangra and Giddha , folk dance of Punjan , India .
Bhangra , folk dance of Punjab , India .
Image source – encoresway.com

INSTRUMENTS USED 

  • DHOL It is a double – sided barrel drum that creates the beat . The person who plays the dhol , plays various beats like Jhummar , Dhamaal , Luddi , etc . The Dhol is played using two wooden sticks , the thicker stick is known as Dagga and the thinner one is Tilli . Dhol has thicker skin which creats a deeper sound . 
  • CHIMTA : It is a large pair of metallic tongs . Bells are attached on both side of the tongs and when the side strike together the chime sound is produced . 
  • ALGOZEY :  These are the two wooden flutes . Artists play them both simultaneously by using three fingers on each side .
  • SHIKKE  : It is a wooden instrument consisting of small X – shaped parts that expand and contract . It produces a clapping sound . We need both the hands to play this instrument Saaps / Shikke . 
Bhangra and Giddha , folk dances of Punjab , India.
Bhangra and Giddha , folk dances of Punjab , India.
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Bhangra and Giddha – Indian folk dance 

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NATI



NATI 

Nati folk dance of Himachal Pradesh
Traditional folk dance.  Image source – encoresway.com

ORIGIN 

Dev Nati is a traditional folk dance, originated in the Western and Centeral Hills of the Indian subcontinent ( Himachal Pradesh ). Nati is performed in the districts like Kullu, Sirmour, Shimla, Chamba, Kinnar, etc. Mainly it is originated from Kullu only. This dance is popular in plain areas like Dehradun, Chandigarh, etc. The important variety in Nati is Losar Shone Chuksom which come from the word Losai, meaning New Year . It is also perform while sowing the crop . 

Nati folk dance of Himachal Pradesh
Nati , traditional folk dance of Himachal Pradesh Image source – encoresway.com

GUINNESS WORLD RECORDS 

Kullu Nati got Guinness World Record Certificate in January 2016 . It is one of the largest folk dance in the world . It was published in The Times of India on 3rd February 2016 . 

COSTUMES USED 

  • Females : They wear costumes such as Churidaar, Ghagra, Pyjama, Chola, Decorative caps, etc. They also wear gold and silver ornaments that are ” Chanki and Tunki “.
  • Males : They wear costumes like Decorated caps, Swirling tunics, Sashes and Churidaar. 
Nati folk dance of Himachal Pradesh
Nati , traditional folk dance of Himachal Pradesh Image source – encoresway.com
Nati folk dance of Himachal Pradesh
Nati traditional folk dance of Himachal Pradesh Image source – encoresway.com
Nati folk dance of Himachal Pradesh
Traditional folk dance of Himachal Pradesh Image source – encoresway.com

INSTRUMENTS USED 

The instruments used in this dance form ( Nati) are Shennai, Dhol, Narsingha and Nagara.

Music instruments used in Nati folk dance , Himachal Pradesh
Music instruments used : Image source – google

HOW NATI IS PERFORMED? 

In Nati, a group of women / men arrange themselves in a circle and dance on the beats of the instruments. No festival or function is celebrated without dance and the dance form such as  Nati is perform all over the region . It reflects the culture and the tradition of Himachal Pradesh

 How to do Nati folk dance of Himachal Pradesh
Traditional folk dance of Himachal Pradesh Image source – encoresway.com
Nati folk dance of Himachal Pradesh
Traditional folk dance of Himachal . Image source – encoresway.com
Nati folk dance of Himachal Pradesh
Traditional folk dance . Image source – encoresway.com

 

TYPES 

  1. Sirmouri Nati 
  2. Kinnauri Nati 
  3. Thoda
  4. Gaddi
  5. Barada Nati
  6. Bangani Nati 
  7. Kulvi Nati
  8. Mahasuvi Nati 
  9. Jaunpuri Nati 
  10. Harul Nati
  11. Shimla Nati
  12. Losar Shone Chuksom 
How to do Nati folk dance of Himachal Pradesh
Nati , traditional folk dance of Himachal Pradesh Image source – encoresway.com

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A TRIBUTE TO INDIAN ARMY

SOLDIER

  A person who gives us peaceful sleep but himself rest in peace .

Patriotic Dance On Song Teri Mitti

 Teri Mitti

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Patriotic dance on the song Teri Mitti sung by Parineeti Chopra .

LYRICS 

मम्म मम्म..

ओह रांझना वे तेरी साँसों पे

थोड़ा सा वतन का भी हक था

ना देख मुझे यूँ मुड़ के

तेरा मेरा साथ यहीं तक था

ये तेरी ज़मीं तेरे खून से ही

तो सजती संवारती है रांझे

तेरे इश्क की मैं हकदार नहीं

तेरी हीर तो धरती है रांझे हाय..

तेरी मिट्टी में मिल जावां

गुल बनके मैं खिल जावां

इतनी सी है दिल की आरजू

तेरी नदियों में बह जावां

तेरी खेतों में लेहरावां

इतनी सी है दिल की आरजू

मम्म मम्म..

ए मेरी ज़मीं अफ़सोस नहीं

जो तेरे लिए सौ दर्द सहे

महफूज़ रहे तेरी आन सदा

चाहे जान मेरी ये रहे ना रहे

ए मेरी ज़मीं महबूब मेरी

मेरी नस नस में तेरा इश्क बहे

फीका ना पड़े कभी रंग तेरा

जिस्मों से निकल के खून कहे हाय..

तेरी मिट्टी में..

गुल बनके मैं..

इतनी सी है दिल की आरज़ू हाय

तेरी नदियों में बह जावां

तेरी फसलों में लेहरावां

इतनी सी है दिल की आरजू……..

TERI MITTI SONG  MEANING

Swords bear memories of our blood…

Burning embers remember our burnt flesh…

By harvesting our sweat and blood…

We were bestowed this saffron crown!

Do not mourn O Motherland, For you I’d bear a hundred blows…

May your glory stay intact, Whether I live or die…

My Land, my beloved, Your love runs in my veins…

With every drop of my blood. I’ll ensure your color never fades…

To become one with your soil…

That’s all my heart desires…

To wash away in your rivers…

Soaring across your fields…

That’s all my heart desires…

May the mustard fields bloom and sway, Where I couldn’t dance with joy.

May my village thrive and prosper, where I couldn’t return.

O beloved country, Our love is that of legends.

To be sacrificed in your honour, How blessed was I!

To become one with your soil..

And blossom as a garden.

That’s all my heart desires.

To wash away in your rivers,

Soaring across your fields,

That’s all my heart desires. Kesari Colour me Saffron!

O my heer (beloved), may you always be happy.

May there never be even a hint of a tear in your eyes ever

The face that I cared for so much.

May the glow of that beautiful face never goes off.

O dear mother, what are you worried for?

Why does a river of tears flowing from your eyes?

You used to say that I’m your moon,

And moon lives forever.

To become one with your soil..

And blossom as a garden.

That’s all my heart desires.

To wash away in your rivers,

Soaring across your fields,

That’s all my heart desires.

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KATHAK


KATHAK , classical dance form 

Spread information about classical dance form KATHAK .
Dance to express , not to impress . Image source – encoresway.com


ORIGIN

KATHAK  is one of the 8th classical dance forms . The origin of KATHAK is traditionally from traveling bards of ancient northern Indian known as KATHAKARS . The narrator of a story is called KATHAKAR in Sanskrit . This dance form which narrates a story through the expressions and body movements is known as KATHAK . It originated within Hindu Temples as portraying the epic tales like MAHABHARATA and RAMAYANA .

Spread information about classical dance form KATHAK .
Dance to express , not to impress . Image source – encoresway.com

HISTORY

 

The roots of this dance form trace back to Sanskrit Hindu text on performing arts called ‘ NATYA SHASTRA ‘  written by Bharata Muni . It was during the Mughal era ; in 16th century that KATHAK received Royal patronage and was performed in the courts to entertain the Royals . During this period , KATHAK received elements of fusion from other dance forms like the Persian Dance . 

KATHAK DANCERS tell various stories through their hand movements and extensive footwork , their facial expressions and their body movements . KATHAK is unique in having both Hindu and Muslim Gharanas and includes Urdu Ghazals also .

Spread information about classical dance form KATHAK .
Dance to express , not to impress . Image source – encoresway.com

GHARANAS

The schools of this dance form , ” KATHAK ”  is known as GHARANAS . Three specific forms of this genre that is three Gharanas which mostly differ in emphasis given to footwork versus acting , are more famous namely , the Jaipur Gharana , the Banaras Gharana and the Lucknow Gharana .

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