BHANGRA & GIDDHA

Bhangra , folk dance of Punjab , India .

BHANGRA & GIDDHA

Bhangra , folk dance of Punjab , India .
Bhangra , folk dance of Punjab , India .
Image source – encoresway.com

Bhangra and Giddha are the traditional folk dances of  India . These dances are associated  with the spring harvest festival Baisakhi . Giddha and Bhangra are energetic , folk dances . Bhangra & Giddha – Indian folk dance .

ORIGIN : PUNJAB

COSTUMES : SHALWAR KAMEEZ , LUNGI , KANTHA , PHULKARI , PAG , ETC .

MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS : DHOL , CHIMTA , SHIKKE , ALGHOZEY , ETC .

NEEDS : STRENGTH , POWER , ENERGY , GRACE AND SELF – DISCIPLINE .

Giddha , folk dance of Punjab , India .
Giddha , folk dance of Punjab , India .
Image source – encoresway.com

HISTORY 

Bhangra , folk dance of Punjab , India .
Bhangra , folk dance of Punjab , India .
Image source – encoresway.com                             Bhangra and Giddha were originated from Punjab ( Northwestern India and Northeastern Pakistan ) . It was originally performed by Sikh and Muslim men in the farming districts of Punjab region of  South Asia . The word ” Bhangra ” was derived from the word Bhang ( hemp ) , which is a product of harvest . Giddha is also just as energetic as Bhangra . The dance is followed by rhythmic clapping and a typical traditional folk song ( BOLIYAN )  sung by the ladies in the background . Women show the same level of energy which the men show while performing Bhangra . It displays a traditional mode of performing Punjabi femininity , as seen through the dress , choreography and language . 

Since the Partition of India in 1947 and division of Punjab into West Punjab ( Pakistan ) and East Punjab ( India ) , Bhangra and Giddha , folk dances of Punjab on the Indian side of the border have been consolidated , staged and promoted as expression of Punjabi culture . As Punjabi dance forms became codified in the 1960s – onwards . 

Giddha , folk dance of Punjan , India.
Giddha , folk dance of Punjan , India.
Image source – encoresway.com

COSTUMES USED

Bhangra and Giddha – Indian folk dance 

Males : They attire Pag (Turban – traditional headdress to cover the head ) , Kantha , Jutti , Kurta , Jugi ( Jacket – an attractive and designer waistcoat without any buttons ) , Charda (  large piece of cloth completely draped around the waist ) .  

Costume used in Bhangra , folk dance of Punjab .
Costume used in Bhangra , folk dance of Punjab .
Image source – encoresway.com

Females : They attire Shalwar Kameez  , Phulkari Chunni ( Dupta ) , Paranda ( which is a tassel that is woven into braid ) , Jutti , Tikka , Charda ( large piece of  cloth completely draped around the waist ) , Jugi ( Jacket – an attractive and designer waistcoat without any buttons ) . 

Bhangra and Giddha , folk dances of Punjab , India .
Costume used in Giddha , folk dance of Punjab .
Image source – encoresway.com
Bhangra and Giddha , folk dances of Punjab , India .
Costume used in Bhangra and Giddha folk dance of Punjab , India. Image source – encoresway.com

 

EVOLUTION 

 

Bhangra and Giddha , folk dances of Punjab , India .
Bhangra and Giddha , folk dances of Punjab.
Image source – encoresway.com

Bhangra and Giddha were first started in 1800s . The current styles and forms of  Giddha and Bhangra formed in the 1940s . It has changed so much throughout the course of its history . These dances include Sammi , Luddi , Dhamaal , Giddha , Sialkot , etc . These dance forms need strength , energy , power , grace and self – discipline .

Today , it’s the newest dance and fitness phenomenon spreading all over the world . Bhangra has made it’s way to American’s Got Talent , India’s Got Talent , The White House  and The London Olympics . Now Bhangra and Giddha has won many competitions across the world .

Bhangra and Giddha , folk dance of Punjan , India .
Bhangra , folk dance of Punjab , India .
Image source – encoresway.com

INSTRUMENTS USED 

  • DHOL It is a double – sided barrel drum that creates the beat . The person who plays the dhol , plays various beats like Jhummar , Dhamaal , Luddi , etc . The Dhol is played using two wooden sticks , the thicker stick is known as Dagga and the thinner one is Tilli . Dhol has thicker skin which creats a deeper sound . 
  • CHIMTA : It is a large pair of metallic tongs . Bells are attached on both side of the tongs and when the side strike together the chime sound is produced . 
  • ALGOZEY :  These are the two wooden flutes . Artists play them both simultaneously by using three fingers on each side .
  • SHIKKE  : It is a wooden instrument consisting of small X – shaped parts that expand and contract . It produces a clapping sound . We need both the hands to play this instrument Saaps / Shikke . 
Bhangra and Giddha , folk dances of Punjab , India.
Bhangra and Giddha , folk dances of Punjab , India.
Image source – encoresway.com

Bhangra and Giddha – Indian folk dance 

https://youtube.com/channel/UC3JkN2z4MZXo7fZsv5VCo-w

https://encoresway.com

14 thoughts on “BHANGRA & GIDDHA”

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *